FBTSZ brings together the innovative technologies and complementary skills.
FBTSZ is introducing a new, uniquely developed recyclable waste processing technology in Hungary (in parallel to the introduction in several European countries) under exclusive license contract, which has been developed and tested for years.
Avoiding the domestic rubber and plastic waste going to be landfilled, with the higher rate of utilization of recycling without environmental impact, moreover the recycling and selling alternative energy sources like carbon-hydrogen, coke, gas and potential metals as a result of chemical depolymerization.
The development of plant, processing the purchase of reactors and their controlling equipment
Construction site design, purchase additional machinery and equipment
Cash from trash...
One of the biggest benefits to this approach is that it helps everyone — from businesses to consumers to government — start to value materials that used to be "waste." And when people realize materials have value, everyone starts to think about how this value can be captured and put to work for communities.
Not buried !
Not discarded !!
And certainly not littered !!!
So why do plastics have an intrinsic value as a fuel source?
Plastics are created primarily from energy feedstocks, typically natural gas or oil (mostly natural gas in the United States). The hydrocarbons that make up plastics are embodied in the material itself, essentially making plastics a form of stored energy, which can be turned into a liquid fuel source.
It makes sense that people are asking how to keep more of this valuable fuel in play, even after plastics are used, and how to keep it out of landfills.
One way, of course, is to recycle plastics whenever one can. Today, recycling technologies reprocess many common types of plastics: bottles, containers, cups, caps, lids and so on. Even many flexible plastics, such as bags and wraps, can be recycled at major grocery stores across the United States.
But what about the plastics that can't be economically recycled? They still contain embodied energy and largely untapped value as a new potential fuel source.
Getting fuel from used plastics
A new set of emerging technologies is helping to convert non-recycled plastics into an array of fuels, crude oil and industrial feedstocks. Processes vary, but these technologies, known as "plastics-to-fuel," involve similar steps.
Plastics are collected and sorted for recycling. Then the non-recycled plastics (or residuals) are shipped to a plastics-to-fuel facility, where they are heated in an oxygen-free environment, melted and vaporized into gases. The gases are then cooled and condensed into a variety of useful products. Plastics-to-fuel technologies do not involve combustion.
Depending on the specific technology, products can include synthetic crude or refined fuels for home heating; ingredients for diesel, gasoline or kerosene; or fuel for industrial combined heat and power.
Companies sell the petroleum products to manufacturers and industrial users, while fuels can help power cars, buses, ships and planes.
The Thermocatalytic Depolymerization process:
Its Purpose: transforming all the inputs to energy source which can be directly used (like diesel oil)
• speed up the natural 300-million-year process for 300 minutes
• 260 to 380 Cº maximum temperature instead of natural 4Cº
• usage of catalysts for production of diesel, raw chemical material or direct electricity production evetuates an independent production process
▪ no added water or extra material is required
▪ the process uses approx.10% of the diesel produced
▪ there is no dioxin in the production
▪ the CO2 production is minimal, and it can be recycled
▪ all organic waste can be converted
▪ the operational risk is low due to the low temperature and pressure is applied during the process
▪ there is no heat pollution since the generated heat can be traced back to the process (for pre-drying ) or can be used in other heating processes
ABOUT THE EXPERIMENTAL
A KDV / CPD 2*250 (KDÜ-T)
The KDV / CPD 2 * 250 (KDÜ-T) technology is the experimental technology of extracting the energy accumulated in plastic materials. This applied process typically recycles plastics with zero zero emissions and zero carbon dioxide emissions.
The KDV / CPD 2 * 250 / KDÜ-T equipment is suitable for processing plastics, production scrap, secondary raw materials and other waste materials that can not be or can not be economically recycled otherwise. As the result of the processing a liquid hydrocarbon mixture is created. This material can be fuel as an energy source but as raw chemical material also suitable for further processing or further re-fractionation. The processing of plastics and secondary materials in this method makes economically and environmentally recycling possible of materials created in this industrial sector that are extremely burdensome and occasionally hazardous for the environment. We have developed our technology besides economy and safety considerations to handle industrial plastics environmentally friendly way that can not be recycled at all or it would be harmful and dangerous in any other methods.Our unique development in contrast to many other forms of utilization, is compliant with the requirements of European Union legislation in all respects.
Our processing technology of secondary raw material is a catalytic process. The transformation of this substance takes place at a temperature between 420-490 ° C, within a closed system which is hermetically sealed atmosphere. The plastic melts and then boils inside the system under atmospheric conditions. On the surface of the continuously dispensed catalyst, the carbon atoms bind and cough. The carbon atoms leaving the chains are separated from the structures so that the structure of the material is disintegrated. Depolymerization occurs, ie breaking and decay of plastic chains and bindings comes about. As a result of this process, a straight-chain hydrocarbon mixture is produced having a new characteristic with a relatively high proportion of light fractions. The KDV / CPD / KDÜ-T system, with the simultaneous cyclic admeasure of material into the two reactors can process plastic materials below 10 tonnes per day, which means an average of 480 to 560 tonnes of plastic per month, thus generating 250-350 tonnes final product (C8 to C34 fraction mixture). Operating the system is simple, it is not expensive and does not require a large number of operating personnel. The condition of installation is a smaller hall meeting the standard industrial safety and fire safety regulations. Due to the method used, the depolymerization process can be fully controlled digitally. The computer control always provides the optimal parameters for the system to operate.
ABOUT THE POSSIBLE
The raw materials to be processed as inputs can be derived from different sectors, including electronics, food industry, chemistry, automotive, construction and cosmetics industries. Secondary materials serving as raw materials are mainly polyolefins such as polyethylene (PE) and polypropylene (PP). The range of usable inputs are wide from products used every day to specialty products. Some examples can be found below for the inputs can be processed in the system such as non-biodegradable products, production scrap and raw materials used in the manufacturing process which generated by the industrial sector:
• plastic bags and sacks,
• packaging of cleaning materials, cosmetics, household chemicals,
• food packaging materials (even if contaminated with oil),
• plastic parts of household appliances,
• plastic radio and TV parts,
• children's toys,
• plastic parts for computers and office equipment,
• plastic containers, tanks, piping parts,
• industrial textiles, artificial fibers,
• parts of automotive equipment (eg bumpers, dashboards).
The raw materials used for this process must meet the following requirements in order to meet the required quality standards. Acceptable:
• Inorganic mineral contamination: max. 5% (sand, powder, glass, small metallic parts),
• water: max. 10%, (above 10% pre-drying is required)
• printed inscriptions on waste plastic packaging,
• packaging materials with different colors, texture and thickness
• different shapes of PE and PP products,
• PE and PP products in various mixed ratio,
• Plastic films with aluminum coating.
• any other contamination, other organic composition that contains chlorine and / or
• halogens, nitrogen, sulfur and carbonyl groups.
The role of polyethylene / polypropylene in plastic scrap products, lubricants and secondary raw materials to be processed is outstanding. It is suggested that the use of a raw material that contains a wide range of polyolefin plastics, including the following:
• Polyethylene (-CH2-CH2-) n - Industrial Sign (PE)
• High density PE - HDPE, numeric code 02,
• Low density PE - LDPE, numerical code 04
• Linear low - density PE - LLDPE. Polyethylene is the product of ethylene polymerization. Among others, they are made of packaging, bags, insulations, cables, acid-proof wires, used in construction, chemical industry, toy manufacturing and for many other household products.
• Polypropylene (-CH2-CH (CH3) -) n - (PP), numerical code 05, Polypropylene is the product of propylene polymerization. Because it is very resistant to mechanical stress and extreme temperature conditions, it is widely used in the chemical industry, food industry, wires and packaging materials as well as many other products.
The end product of catalytic converting in the KDV / CDP / KDÜ-T system has been listed in several places in Europe, for example in Poland, in the Industrial Products and Services list under 24.66.32-90.00.
The end product is a mixture of hydrocarbons that can be used to produce fuel, as a raw material for household chemicals and other chemical products (petroleum, wax, paraffin, naphta, thinners). During the detailed laboratory examination of the final product, the following were determined:
• The product does not contain sulfur or chlorides and is therefore very valuable to many sectors of industry.
• It consists of hydrocarbons with a relatively high number of methyl groups (-CH2).
• Does not contain significant amounts of aromatic constituents (benzene is not detectable); does not contain any constituent which is composed of carbonyl and alcoholic groups, there is no double or triple bond in it.
• Individual fractions characterized by different boiling points of hydrocarbons can be separated by distillation (additional distillation equipment is optionally available for the system).
• If the total amount produced is considered 100%, the recommended ratio for each fraction is 300-360 C ° 15-20% (for example, wax), 220-280 C ° 60-70% (for example, light fuel oil, naphta), 105-140 C 15-20% (e.g., thinner).
• With the help of decarbonisation catalyst and thermo-electric heat exchanger, a significant amount of technical alcohol can be produced.